User: OsamaSMAmin

Published Content

Image
This rock relief dates back to the Akkadian era. It lies on the cliff of Mt. Darbadi Bilula, Hori and Shekhan area, Sulaimaniya, near the Iranian border, Iraq. Circa 2100 BCE. It features a victorious man with two captives before him; one is kneeling and the other one is beneath his foot. On the right, there are Akkadian cuneiform inscriptions in 4 columns.
Image
A rock relief depicting the victory of the Akkadian king Naram Sin after defeating Lulubis, tribes who came from the Zagros mountains west of Iran. The relief was made on the surface of a mountain cliff, modern Qopi Qoshk, Qaradagh's mountains, Sulaimaniya, Iraq, about 1000 metres above sea level. The king stands on enemy corpses.
Image

Kassite Era Rock-relief, Iraq

by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 05 October 2013
This rock-relief lies on one of the tops of Mt. Pira Magroon, Sulaimaniya, Iraq. It is 1716 meters above sea level. In 2009, an expedition was carried out by a Western team to find out who is the man featured in this relief and who lived in this area. The relief contains no single word or letter. Unfortunately, after 56 days in the area, the team failed... [continue reading]
Image

Stamped Mud Brick, Babylonia, Mesopotamia

by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FACP, FRCP(Glasg)
published on 14 October 2013
This is a stamped mud brick with cuneiform inscriptions, which lies within a building's wall in ancient Babylonia (modern Babylon governorate), Mesopotamia, Iraq.
Image

Stela of Iddi-Sin, King of Simurrum

by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin FACP, FRCP(Glasg)
published on 14 October 2013
The stela of Iddi-Sin, King of Simurrum celebrates and commemorates the victories of this King against his enemies, mostly tribes of West Iran. The stela is carved with 108 lines of cuneiform inscriptions and was found at Qarachatan, Pira Magroon mountain, Sulaimaniya, Iraq. Old Babylonian era, circa 2003-1595 BCE. It is currently housed in the Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
A rock relief depicting the victory of the Akkadian king Naram Sin after defeating Lulubis, tribes who came from the Zagros mountains west of Iran. The relief was made on the surface of a mountain cliff, modern Qopi Qoshk, Qaradagh's mountains, Sulaimaniya, Iraq, about 1000 metres above sea level. The king stands on enemy corpses.
Image
In June/July 2013 CE, an archaeological team started a mission to reconstruct the lion of Babylon statue and its surrounding. The platform of the statue has been reconstructed with cement. The lion itself was untouched.
Image
A close-up view of a lion's head work relief which decorates the processional street (from Marduk temple to the Ishtar Gate and Akitu Temple). It was made of glazed terracotta bricks. Reign of Nebuchadnezzar II, 604-562 BCE, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Iraq. Housed by the Istanbul Archeological Museum, Turkey.
Image
A statue depicting a naked woman with her hands on her breasts. Terracotta, Old Babylonian period, 2000-1600 BCE, Mesopotamian, Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
A statue of a Sumerian worshipper. Marble, early dynastic period, 2800-2300 BCE, Mesopotamia, Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
Cuneiform inscriptions on a head, early dynastic period, 2800-2300 BCE, Mesopotamia, Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
A hand of the Goddess Ishtar (Inanna). This is a decorative element of architecture which was used in temples and palaces. It is inscribed with cuneiform inscriptions and was found in the palace of Ashurnasirpal II to commemorate the new foundation of God Ninurta's temple at Nimrud, the Assyrian capital. Reign of Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE), Nimrud, Mesopotamia, Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
A pair of golden earrings with the shape of a half pumpkin. The overlying decorative cuneiform inscriptions mention that these earrings were a gift from King Shulgi. Mesopotamia, new Sumerian era, Ur III, reign of King Shulgi, 2029-1982 BCE. Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
A pottery incense container which was found at layer 5 of the altar platform of the central temple of Basmosian hill, Mesopotamia, Hurrian period, 2nd millennium BCE. Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
A clay mask depicting a face with acting expressions. Mesopotamian art usually portrays human faces in a poker-like configuration. This one has 3 small holes at the upper part which might have been used to attach it to a necklace with the purpose of incantation/exorcism. Mesopotamia, old Babylonian era, 2000-1500 BCE, Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
This ivory plaque depicts six Assyrian worshippers in procession in six vertical rectangles. Note the details of their dresses. The men are bare-chested and wear kilts while the women wear a full dress. Both wear an impressive belt. Four men and two women stand on what appears to be the Symbol of God Assure. The plaque was part of furniture inlay. A striking... [continue reading]
Image
A votive plaque of white marble. The lower part shows two men carrying a large jar and another man in front of them seems to steer an animal from behind, perhaps a cow or horse. At the upper part there are two men sitting in front of each other holding two glasses and drinking something in "a cheers action". Early dynastic period, 2900-2300 BCE, Mesopotamia, Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
Three rounded ceramic objects with saw-teeth like margins. They have small holes on both ventral and dorsal aspects. Upon moving them, a sound comes out as if there is a small object inside them. May have been used in religious, sorcery,or magical liturgy. Mesopotamia, old Babylonian era, 2000-1500 BCE, Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq.
Image
It was erected as a public monument in 825 BCE at a time of civil war. The relief sculptures glorify the achievements of King Shalmaneser III and his commander-in-chief . It lists their military campaigns of thirty-one years and the tribute they exacted from their neighbors It is the most complete Assyrian obelisk yet discovered, and is historically significant... [continue reading]
Image
In ancient Assyria, lion-hunting was considered the sport of kings, symbolic of the ruling monarch’s duty to protect and fight for his people. The sculpted reliefs illustrate the sporting exploits of the last great Assyrian king, Ashurbanipal (668-631 BCE) and were created for his palace at Nineveh (in modern-day northern Iraq). The hunting scenes, full... [continue reading]
Image
This tablet contains both a cuneiform inscription and a unique map of the Mesopotamian world. Babylon is shown in the center (the rectangle in the top half of the circle), and Assyria, Elam and other places are also named. The central area is ringed by a circular waterway labelled 'Salt-Sea'. The outer rim of the sea is surrounded by what were probably originally... [continue reading]
Image
This stone tablet records the restoration of certain lands by the Babylonian king Nabu-apla-iddina to a priest. On the top of the stone are 13 symbols of the gods designed to protect the legal statement. Both the king, wearing the typical Babylonian royal hat, and the priest, who has a hand raised in salute, are shown on the obverse with labels identifying... [continue reading]
Image
A close-up view of a winged human-headed lion, lamassu, which flanked one of the entrances into the throne room of Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE). Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), north-west palace, room B, door a, panel 2. Neo-Assyrian era, 883-859 BC, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum, London)
Image
This is a pair of guardian figures (winged human-headed lions) that flanked one of the entrances into the throne room of Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE). Stone mythological guardians, sculpted in relief or in the round, were often placed at gateways to ancient Mesopotamian palaces, to protect them from demonic forces. They were known to the Assyrians as lamassu... [continue reading]
Image
This stela was erected in the capital city of Kalhu (modern Nimrud) by the Assyrian king Shamshi-Adad V (reigned 824-811 BCE). It depicts the king, before the symbols of his principal gods. He extends his right hand, with the forefinger outstretched, as if he has just snapped his fingers. This is the typical Assyrian gesture of respect and supplication towards... [continue reading]
Image
The age-old vulnerability of libraries in times of warfare applied as ever during the sack of Nineveh. Many tablets were badly smashed, while others probably perished altogether. With some, such as this tablet of lunar omens, severe burning resulted in the partial vitrification of the clay. From the library of king Ashurbanipal II, Nineveh, Mesopotamia, Iraq. Neo-Assyrian... [continue reading]
Image
It is possible that the head and body were not originally part of a single statue. From Girsu (modern Telloh), southern Mesopotamia, Iraq, reign of Gudea, c. 2130 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Image
The figure could be an aspect of the goddess Ishtar, Mesopotamian goddess of sexual love and war, or Ishtar's sister and rival, the goddess Ereshkigal who ruled over the Underworld, or the demoness Lilitu, known in the Bible as Lilith. The plaque probably stood in a shrine. Old Babylonian era, 1800-1750 BCE, from southern Iraq (place of excavation is unknown... [continue reading]
Image
This door-slab came from the lower part of a flight of steps in the Temple of Ezida in Borsippa, part of the building works of the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II (604-562 BCE). The recess is for a door-post. The pattern represents a carpet ornamented with rosettes. The door slab has been cut in two and it may have have been relaid about 268 BCE under... [continue reading]
Image
Each peg has a very faint cuneiform inscription of Gudea, the ruler of the city-state of Lagash. Foundation pegs were buried in the foundation of buildings to magically protect them and preserve the builder's name for posterity. In this case, the peg is supported by a god (Mesopotamian gods are usually depicted wearing horned headdresses). Kingdom of Lagash... [continue reading]
Image
This is one of the few surviving sculptures from the palace which Esarhaddon left unfinished at his death. Neo-Assyrian era, circa 670 BCE. From the south-west palace at Nimrud, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum, London)
Image
Dolerite statue of Gudea, ruler of Lagash. Upper part of standing figure with head; carved and polished mottled green dolerite; but neck restored; represents Gudea, king of Lagash. It is possible that the head and body were not originally part of a single statue. From Girsu (modern Telloh), southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Reign of Gudea, circa 2130 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Image
Each peg has a very faint cuneiform inscription of Gudea, the ruler of the city-state of Lagash. Foundation pegs were buried in the foundation of buildings to magically protect them and preserve the builder's name for posterity. In this case, the peg is supported by a god (Mesopotamian gods are usually depicted wearing horned headdresses). Kingdom of Lagash... [continue reading]
Image
This carved ivory panel is one of an almost identical pair with one now in the Iraq Museum, Baghdad. They originally formed part of a piece of furniture, perhaps a throne. The incised letter 'aleph' beside holes on the top and bottom of the panel would have served as a construction guide. 9th-8th century BCE From the palace of Ashurnasirpal II, Nimrud, northern... [continue reading]
Image
An alabaster bas-relief depicting the Assyrian king Tiglath-pileser III. From the central palace, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. Neo-Assyrian era, circa 728 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Image
This lyre was found in the 'Great Death-Pit', one of the graves in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. From Ur, southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Early dynastic period, 2600-2400 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Image
An elaborate headdress and necklace made of gold, lapis lazuli, and carnelian which belonged to a high-level Sumerian woman. These were found in the "Great Death-Pit", one of the graves in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. From Ur, southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Early dynastic period, 2600-2400 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Image
Rectangular stone foundation document of the Assyrian king Adad-Nirari I. It recounts the King's victories over the Mitannians, who had failed to gain Hittite support, and the extension of Assyrian rule west to the Euphrates; the stone appears to have been intended for a palace which Adad-nirari planned to be rebuilt in a Mitannian city, but if so it never... [continue reading]
Image
The silver cow's head decorating the front has inlaid eyes of shell and lapis lazuli. This lyre was found in the 'Great Death-Pit', one of the graves in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. From Ur, southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Early dynastic period, 2600-2400 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Image
These lyres were found in queen Pu-Abi's grave, inside the "Great Death-Pit", one of the graves in the Royal Cemetery at Ur. From Ur, southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. Early dynastic period, 2600-2400 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Image
Fragment of a stone stele dedicated by Itur-Ashdum, Hammurabi; king Hammurapi at worship. The cuneiform inscription states that a high official called Itur-Ashdum dedicated a statue of a lamma to the goddess Ashratum in her temple on behalf of King Hammurapi (reigned 1792-1750 BCE). The figure carved to the left of the inscription may represent Hammurapi... [continue reading]
Image
An alabaster bas-relief depicting the Assyrian king Tiglath-pileser III stands over a captured enemy. The cuneiform inscription describes an Assyrian campaign in Iran 744 BCE. From the central palace at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), reused and moved in the south-west palace, Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. Neo-Assyrian era, 728 BCE. (The British Museum, London)
Image
This alabaster panel was part of the decorative scheme of the palace of King Tiglath-pileser III (reigned 745-727 BCE) at Kalhu. The king is shown in his chariot, while in another scene above Assyrian soldiers drive out prisoners and flocks from a fortified city, Astartu. The band of cuneiform across the middle relates part of Tiglath-pileser's account... [continue reading]
Image
Irregular rectangular-sided monument recording Esarhaddon's restoration of Babylon; possibly black basalt; carved symbols on the upper surface. Height 8.5 inches. The stone is not local to Mesopotamia. The irregular shape of the object suggests that it was cut from a naturally rounded piece of stone. The inscription is incomplete. Neo-Assyrian era... [continue reading]
Image
This prism records the first eight campaigns of the Assyrian King Sennacherib (704-681 BCE). This six-sided baked clay document (or prism) was discovered at the Assyrian capital Nineveh, in an area known today as Nebi Yunus. It was acquired by Colonel R. Taylor, British Consul General at Baghdad, in 1830 CE, after whom it is named. The British Museum purchased... [continue reading]
Image
This stela came from the Temple of Marduk in Babylon. It is a commemorative monument set up in honour of a private individual called Adad-Etir. He was an official in the temple, known as 'the dagger bearer', and this stela was erected by his son Marduk-balassu-iqbi. The figures carved in relief on the front represent the father and son together. Their shaven... [continue reading]
Image
The Assyrian king worships gods (Ashur, Shamash, Sin, Adad, and Ishtar) and records his achievements. This freestanding gypsum monument was erected by King Ashurnasirpal II (reigned 883-859 BCE). This stela weighs over four tons and was erected outside the Temple of Ninurta (a god of hunting and warfare) built by the king in his newly established capital... [continue reading]
Image
The legend, written in Akkadian, describes how Ishtar, goddess of sexuality and warfare, went to the Underworld. Ishtar decided to undertake the journey, although the Underworld was known as the 'land of no return' for humans and gods alike. On the way down she passes through seven doorways and each time the gatekeeper removes from her the symbols and clothes... [continue reading]
Image
It narrates the various religious activities of king Nabonidus and contains the harassment of enemies to the city of Babylon and nearby cities and the renovation of these cities by him as well as homage paid to Gods welling in them. The stele was made of granite. Reign of Nabonidus, Neo-Babylonian era, 555-539 BCE, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (Istanbul Archeological Museum).
Image
Statue of the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III, son of Ashurnasirpal II, grandson of Tikulti-Ninurta. The inscriptions on the statue give a brief account of the king's genealogical titles and characteristics. Basalt, from Assur, neo-Assyrian period, reign of Shalmaneser III, 858-824 BCE. (Istanbul Archeological Museum).
Image
Statue of the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III, son of Ashurnasirpal II, grandson of Tikulti-Ninurta. The inscriptions on the statue give a brief account of the king's genealogical titles and characteristics. Basalt, from Assur, neo-Assyrian period, reign of Shalmaneser III, 858-824 BCE. (Istanbul Archeological Museum).
Image
The Assyrian king Shalmaneser III beneath a parasol, accepts the tribute from Iaua from the house of Humri in 841 BCE. This is king Jehu of Israel, who appears in the Bible (2 Kings 9-10). From Nimrud, (ancient Kalhu), near the building of Shalmaneser, neo-Assyrian era, 827 BCE, Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. (The British Museum).
Image
Attendants bring tribute from Musri with two-humped camels. Musri, meaning a borderland, probably refers to a country in eastern Iran or in Egypt. From Nimrud, (ancient Kalhu), near the building of Shalmaneser, neo-Assyrian era, 827 BCE, Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. (The British Museum).
Image
Lions and a stag from Marduk-apla-usur the Suhean, probably for the Royal hunting park. Suhi is an area on the middle Euphrates, between modern Syria and Iraq. From Nimrud, (ancient Kalhu), near the building of Shalmaneser, neo-Assyrian era, 827 BCE, Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. (The British Museum).
Image
Tribute from Qarparunda the Patinean: silver, gold, tin, "fast" bronze, ivory (tusks), and ebony. Patina is modern Antakya, south of Turkey. From Nimrud, (ancient Kalhu), near the building of Shalmaneser, neo-Assyrian era, 827 BCE, Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. (The British Museum).
Image
The Assyrian king Shalmaneser III, holding a bow, receives a tribute from Sua the Gilzanean. The king faces his field marshal and another official.From Nimrud, (ancient Kalhu), near the building of Shalmaneser, neo-Assyrian era, 827 BCE, Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. (The British Museum).
Image
The panel shows a pacing, roaring lion and once was part of King Nebuchadnezzar II’s throne room in his palace in the ancient city of Babylon. These roaring lions emphasized the power and might of the Babylonian king. Neo-Babylonian era, reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II, 605-562 BCE, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum).
Image
This stele was made of limestone and was found in Nineveh. On the relief, the Assyrian king Sennacherib prays in front of divine symbols and Gods. It records the king's achievements and expansion of his royal capital, Nineveh. Reign of Sennacherib, 705–681 BCE. From Nineveh, Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. (Istanbul Archeological Museum, Turkey).
Image
This stele was made of limestone and was found in Nineveh. On the relief, the Assyrian king Sennacherib prays in front of divine symbols and Gods. It records the king's achievements and expansion of his royal capital, Nineveh. Reign of Sennacherib, 705–681 BCE. From Nineveh, Mesopotamia, northern Iraq. (Istanbul Archeological Museum, Turkey).
Image
It narrates the various religious activities of king Nabonidus and contains the harassment of enemies to the city of Babylon and nearby cities and the renovation of these cities by him as well as homage paid to Gods welling in them. The stele was made of granite. Reign of Nabonidus, Neo-Babylonian era, 555-539 BCE, Babylon, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (Istanbul Archeological Museum).
Image
Bel-harran-beli-usur was a high palace official (chamberlain) during the reign of the Assyrian kings Shalmaneser IV (782-773 BC) and Tigleth-Pileser III (744-727 BC). He built a city and a large temple to the west of Nineveh. The stele features Bel-harran-beli-usur prays in front of divine symbols and Gods. Marble, Tel Abda, Mesopotamia, 8th century BCE. (Istanbul Archeological Museum).
Image
Bel-harran-beli-usur was a high palace official (chamberlain) during the reign of the Assyrian kings Shalmaneser IV (782-773 BC) and Tigleth-Pileser III (744-727 BC). He built a city and a large temple to the west of Nineveh. The stele features Bel-harran-beli-usur prays in front of divine symbols and Gods. Marble, Tel Abda, Mesopotamia, 8th century BCE. (Istanbul Archeological Museum).
Image
Statue of the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III, son of Ashurnasirpal II, grandson of Tikulti-Ninurta. The inscriptions on the statue give a brief account of the king's genealogical titles and characteristics. Basalt, from Assur, neo-Assyrian period, reign of Shalmaneser III, 858-824 BCE. (Istanbul Archeological Museum).
Image
The cave of Shanidar lies in the Bradost mountain, part of Zagros Mountain range in Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq. The site is located within in the valley of the Great Zab river. It was excavated from 1957–1961 CE by Ralph Solecki and his team from Columbia University and yielded the first adult Neanderthal skeletons in Iraq, dating from 60–80,000 years BCE.
Image
According to the inscription on the diorite piece of stele, it belongs to King Naram-Sin. It was found in Pir Hüseyin, a village near Diyarbakır. As it shows the borders of the Akkadian State in the era of Naram-Sin and reflects the artistic features of that era, it is one of the most important pieces of evidence concerning the Akkadian culture. King Naram-Sin... [continue reading]
Image
Shamsh-res-usur was a local governor of Mari and Suhi. The stele tells us that this governor reigned for 13 years. During this period, he re-built the city of Gabarri-Ibni, established irrigation canals, and encouraged the planting of date palms in various nearby cities. He also developed several plans for agriculture. Limestone, found in Babylon, Mesopotamia... [continue reading]
Image
The stele was erected by one of the king’s local governors, Nergal-Eres, at Saba. The stele’s inscriptions report on the King’s victorious campaign against Palashtu (Palestine) and features the Assyrian King Adad-Nirai III praying in front of God symbols. Basalt, found in Saba, neo-Assyrian era, 810-783 BCE. (Istanbul Archeological Museum/Ancient Orient Museum)
Image
Alabaster work relief of an Assyrian royal attendant, from the northwest palace of Ashurnasirpal II. Reign of Ashurnasirpal II, 883-859 BCE, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Mesopotamia. (The Burrell Collection, Glasgow).
Image
Reign of king Nebuchadnezzar II, neo-Babylonian era, 605–562 BCE. Ancient Babylon (modern Babel governorate), Iraq.
Image
The Assyrian king in a chariot watches as prisoners are brought in and heads and booty are piled-up in a palm grove. Neo-Assyrian era, 640-620 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. From Nineveh, south-west palace, court XIX, panels 10-12. (The British Museum).
Image
From the temple and ziggurat of God Nabu. Borsippa, Mesopotamia, Iraq.
Image
The ziggurat, the "Tongue Tower," today one of the most vividly identifiable surviving ziggurats, is identified in the later Talmudic and Arabic culture with the Tower of Babel. However, modern scholarship concludes that the Sumero-Akkadian builders of the Ziggurat in reality erected it as a religious edifice in honor of the local god Nabu, the "son" of Babylon's... [continue reading]
Image
The temple to Nabu at Borsippa was destroyed in 484 BCE during the suppression of a revolt against the Achaemenid king Xerxes. Modern "Biris Namrud," Babil governorate, Iraq.
Image
Reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II, neo-Babylonian era, 605–562 BCE. Ancient Babylon (modern Babel governorate), Iraq.
Image
The treaty of Kadesh was written in Akkadian language in 1269 BCE. It was a peace-treaty which was concluded between Ramesses II (the Egyptian pharaoh) and Hattusilis (king of Hittite). These two tablets were found in Boğazköy-Buyulkale (the ancient capital of the Hittite), Turkey in 1906. Terracotta, Hittite imperial era, 1269 BCE. (Istanbul Archeological Museum/Ancient Orient Museum).
Image
This clay document tells us how Nabonidus (the last king of Babylon) built and reconstructed the temple of Sin, the moon God, at Ur. It also mentions a prayer for the king and Beslshazzar, his son. From Ur, neo-Babylonian era, 555-539 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq.(The British Museum, London).
Image
This cylinder includes three columns of cuneiform inscriptions that record the reconstruction and restoration of the temple of Shamash, the sun God, at Larsa, by the last king of Babylon, Nabonidus. Probably from Larsa, neo-Babylonian era, 555-539 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum, London).
Image
The three columns of cuneiform inscriptions on this cylinder mention the building and reconstruction of various shrines, quays, gates, and processional boats by king Nebuchadnezzar II at Babylon for the Babylonian New Year Festival. From Babylon (modern Babel Governorate), neo-Babylonian era, 604-562 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum).
Image
This document records the king’s reconstructive work on the wall of the city of Babylon. From Babylon (modern Babel governorate), neo-Babylonian era, 625-605 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum, London).
Image
This document records the king’s reconstructive work at the cities of Sippar, Ururk, Ur, Borsippa, Larsa, and Dilbat. It also commemorates the king’s repairing of the temple of Ninkarrak (a form of the healing Goddess of Gula) at the city of Babylon. From Babylon (modern Babel Governorate), neo-Babylonian era, 604-562 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum, London).
Image
The temple of the sun God, Shamash, at Sippar reached a state of complete disrepair. The gods conveyed a message to the king via omens that he was given approval to rebuild and repair the temple of Shamash. This document records how the king successfully reconstructed the temple. From Sippar, neo-Babylonian era, 604-562 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The British Museum, London).
Sponsors
Many thanks to the companies who are kindly helping us: