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6000 BCE: Earliest Egyptian mastabas dug at Saqqara.
6000 BCE: Burial of the Dead in Egypt.
5500 BCE: Oldest faience workshop in Egypt founded at Abydos.
5200 BCE: Nile River Valley first inhabited.
5000 BCE: Organised farming begins in Egypt.
4000 BCE - 3000 BCE: Trade contact between Byblos and Egypt.
4000 BCE: Depictions of gods and afterlife on walls of Egyptian tombs.
3414 BCE - 3100 BCE: Xois founded as a city during the 1st Dynasty.
3200 BCE: Hieroglyphic script developed in Egypt.
3150 BCE - 2686 BCE: Early Dynastic period in Egypt. First Pharaos.
3118 BCE: Pharaoh Menes Conquers lower Egypt creating a unified state of Egypt.
3100 BCE: Reign of Menes, a.k.a. Narmer, first Pharaoh and Unificator of Lower and High Egypt.
3100 BCE - 2181 BCE: Xois inscribed on Palermo Stone as an ancient city during the 5th Dynasty.
2691 BCE - 2625 BCE: Estimated reign of power for Pharaoh Djoser.
2667 BCE - 2648 BCE: Imhotep in Egypt writes medical texts describing diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases.
2630 BCE: First pyramid is built at Saqqara, Egypt.
2600 BCE: The step pyramid is built by Pharaoh Zoser (Djoser).
2575 BCE - 2134 BCE: The Old Kingdom in Egypt.
2550 BCE - 2528 BCE: The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
2500 BCE: The Great Sphinx is built at Giza.
2250 BCE: Beer brewed in Egypt.
2181 BCE - 2055 BCE: 1st Intermediate Period in Egypt.
2064 BCE - 1986 BCE: Twin Dynasty Wars in Egypt.
2055 BCE - 1650 BCE: The Middle Kingdom in Egypt.
1800 BCE: The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus deals with women's health and contraception.
1800 BCE: Bronze working introduced to Egypt.
1790 BCE - 1540 BCE: Second Intermediate Period of Egyptian history.
1783 BCE: Avaris is built and set as capital of Hyksos.
1720 BCE: Egypt is conquered by the Hyksos.
1700 BCE: The Kingdom of Kush is formed to the south of Egypt.
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: Xois serves as capital of the 14th Dynasty.
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: 2nd Intermediate Period in Egypt.
1600 BCE - 1200 BCE: Ugarit has close ties with Egypt and Cyprus.
1550 BCE: Composition of The Book of the Dead in Egypt.
1550 BCE: Ahmoses I defeats and expels the Hyksos from Egypt and destroy their capital Avaris.
1550 BCE - 1069 BCE: The New Kingdom of Egypt.
1550 BCE - 1525 BCE: Reign of Ahmose I, Pharaoh of Egypt.
1504 BCE - 1492 BCE: Egyptian empire reaches greatest extent under Tuthmosis I.
1500 BCE: Egyptian empire extends to the Euphrates.
1479 BCE - 1458 BCE: Queen Hatshepsut rules Egypt.
1479 BCE - 1425 BCE: Reign of Thutmose III in Egypt.
1457 BCE: Battle of Megiddo: Thutmose III of Egypt defeats a coalition of Canaan, Kadesh, Mitanni, and Megiddo led by Durusha, king of Kadesh.
1450 BCE: Kadesh and Megiddo lead a Canaanite alliance against the Egyptian invasion by Thutmose III.
1398 BCE - 1338 BCE: Life of Tiye, Queen of Egypt, wife of Amenhotep III.
1390 BCE - 1352 BCE: Reign of Amenhotep III of Egypt.
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: The Amarna Period in Egypt.
1353 BCE - 1336 BCE: Reign of Akhenaten, Tutankhamun's father, `Heretic King' of Egypt.
1336 BCE - 1327 BCE: Reign of Tutankhamun in Egypt.
1334 BCE: Tutankhamun initiates religious reforms returning Egypt to traditional belief structure.
1327 BCE - 1323 BCE: Reign of Ay in Egypt.
1327 BCE - 1326 BCE: Ankhsenamun writes to Hittite King asking him to send a son to be her husband and King of Egypt.
1320 BCE: Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Horemheb, succeeds Ay as ruler of Egypt
1320 BCE - 1292 BCE: Reign of Horemheb in Egypt, Tutankhamun's name erased from record.
1303 BCE: Birth of Ramesses II of Egypt.
1295 BCE - 1188 BCE: The Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
1295 BCE - 1294 BCE: The reign of Ramesses I in Egypt.
1294 BCE - 1279 BCE: The reign of Seti I in Egypt.
1279 BCE - 1212 BCE: Reign of Ramesses II (The Great) in Egypt.
1274 BCE: Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
1264 BCE - 1244 BCE: Probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
1258 BCE: First recorded peace treaty between Ramesses II of Egypt and Muwatalli II of the Hittites, after the battle of Kadesh.
1258 BCE: The Treaty of Kadesh between Egyptians and Hittites. The world's first peace treaty.
1244 BCE - 1224 BCE: Other probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
1212 BCE - 1202 BCE: Reign of Merneptah in Egypt.
1202 BCE - 1199 BCE: Reign of Amenmesse in Egypt.
1196 BCE - 1190 BCE: Reign of Siptah in Egypt.
1196 BCE - 1188 BCE: Reign of Queen Twosret in Egypt.
1186 BCE - 1155 BCE: Reign of Ramesses III, Pharaoh of Egypt.
1180 BCE - 1178 BCE: Ramesses III of the 20th Dynasty fortifies Xois against the threat of the invading Sea Peoples.
1180 BCE: The Sea Peoples begin increased incursions into Egypt.
1178 BCE: Rameses III defends Egypt from the Sea Peoples on the shores at Xois, defeating them completely.
1069 BCE - 653 BCE: Third Intermediate Period in Egypt.
750 BCE: Iron working is introduced to Egypt.
712 BCE - 671 BCE: Egypt is ruled by the Kushite dynasty.
671 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Assyria.
671 BCE: Assyrian armies capture Memphis in Egypt.
669 BCE: Esarhaddon dies en route to Egypt to fortify his rule there.
667 BCE: Ashurbanipal wages war in Egypt to put down a rebellion.
664 BCE: Psamtik I becomes Pharoah in Egypt.
651 BCE: Egypt expels Assyrians.
601 BCE: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon unsuccessfully attempts to invade Egypt.
570 BCE - 526 BCE: Rule of Pharah Amasis of Egypt, who built a shrine to Ammon at Siwa.
525 BCE: Cambyses II of Persia takes the city of Pelusium, conquers Egypt.
525 BCE - 404 BCE: Persia conquers Egypt.
520 BCE: Darius of Persia links the Nile and the Red Sea by a canal.
457 BCE - 454 BCE: Large expedition to Egypt, to aid rebels against Persian rule.
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
341 BCE: The Persians complete conquest of Egypt.
332 BCE: Alexander the Great conquers Syria and turns toward Egypt.
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
331 BCE: Alexander the Great founds Alexandria at the port town of Rhakotis in Egypt.
323 BCE: Death of Alexander the Great.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: The Hellenistic Age.Greek thought and culture infuses with indigenous people.
323 BCE - 282 BCE: Rule of Ptolemy I Soter.
305 BCE - 285 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy I in Egypt, initiated of the Great Library.
305 BCE - 30 BCE: Rule of the Ptolemaic Dynasty in Egypt.
301 BCE - 195 BCE: Tyre, as all other Phoenician cities, belongs to the Ptolemies, rulers of hellenistic Egypt.
300 BCE: Ptolemy I founds the Museum of Alexandria.
285 BCE - 246 BCE: Reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt, developement of Library at Alexandria.
285 BCE: King Ergamenes slaughters the priests of Amun at Napata, breaks with Egypt.
277 BCE - 276 BCE: 4,000 Celts are employed in Egypt under Ptolemy II.
259 BCE: Celts in Egypt fail to overthrow Ptolemy II and are starved to death on an island.
250 BCE: Torah is translated into Greek in Alexandria, Egypt.
247 BCE: The lighthouse at Alexandria (Pharos) is completed.
217 BCE: 14,000 Celts serve under Ptolemy IV in his victory at Raphia over the Seleucid King Antiochos III.
203 BCE: The Seleucid king, Antiochus III Megas signs an alleged treaty with Philip V of Macedon to divide Egypt and its overseas possessions between them.
69 BCE - 30 BCE: Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
48 BCE: Caesar arrives in Egypt and orders Ptolemy XIII and Cleopatra VII to disband their armies, but instead, war breaks out.
48 BCE - 44 BCE: Julius Caesar of Rome and Cleopatra VII of Egypt in unofficial alliance.
48 BCE: Caesar defeats Pompey (battle of Pharsalus); Pompey flees to Egypt and is killed by courtiers of Ptolemy XIII.
47 BCE: Cleopatra VII is sole ruler of Egypt; she presents herself as the goddess Isis.
44 BCE: Julius Caesar is killed; Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIV return to Egypt, where Ptolemy is soon killed and Caesarion recognized as king; first of a series of bad harvests.
44 BCE - 30 BCE: Mark Antony of Rome allied with Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
32 BCE - 31 BCE: Battle of Actium: Octavian (the later Emperor Augustus) defeats Cleopatra of Egypt.
30 BCE: Death of Cleopatra VII, end of the Ptolemaic line in Egypt.
30 BCE - 14 CE: Reign of Augustus Caesar in Rome, restoration of Roman province of Alexandria.
30 BCE: Egypt becomes province of the Roman empire.
1 CE: First non-stop voyages from Egypt to India.
30 CE - 476 CE: Egypt remains a province of the Roman Empire.
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
128 CE - 134 CE: Hadrian travels to Greece, Anatolia, Syria, Judea, Arabia, Egypt and goes back via Greece.
130 CE: Death of Antinous, Hadrian's favourite, in Egypt.
199 CE - 200 CE: Septimius Serverus' trip in Egypt.
232 CE: Emperor Maximinus Thrax commands a legion in Egypt.
370 CE: Hypatia is born, daughter of Theon, in Alexandria, Egypt.
527 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Empire controls Egypt.
628 CE: Byzantine Empire re-takes Alexandria, Egypt, from the Persians.
641 CE - 646 CE: The Byzantine Christians and Arab Muslims fight for control of Alexandria and Egypt.
646 CE: The Arab Muslims conquer Egypt under Caliph Umar.