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3000 BCE: First evidence of habitation at Thebes.
2300 BCE: Bronze is used in the Aegean.
2000 BCE: First shaft graves at Thebes.
2000 BCE - 1450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
2000 BCE: Early Greeks settle the Peloponnese.
1500 BCE - 1200 BCE: Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
1500 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean Thebes at its peak of prosperity and influence.
1250 BCE - 1200 BCE: Mycenaean chamber tombs constructed at Thebes.
1100 BCE: Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
1000 BCE: The first distinctive Greek pottery is produced, the Proto-geometric style.
900 BCE: Sparta is founded.
900 BCE: The Geometric style of Greek pottery is first produced.
800 BCE - 700 BCE: Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
800 BCE - 479 BCE: Archaic period of Greece.
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
734 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
683 BCE - 682 BCE: List of annual archons at Athens begins.
660 BCE: Pheidon is tyrant in Argos.
657 BCE - 585 BCE: The Kypselidai are tyrants of Corinth.
650 BCE - 600 BCE: Age of law-givers in Greece.
650 BCE: Sparta crushes Messenian revolt.
650 BCE: Earliest large scale Greek marble sculpture.
625 BCE - 600 BCE: The orientalizing style of Greek pottery becomes popular in Corinth.
625 BCE: Black-figure pottery created in Corinth.
594 BCE - 593 BCE: In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
560 BCE: Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
546 BCE - 545 BCE: Persian conquest of Ionian Greek city-states.
539 BCE: Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.
530 BCE - 522 BCE: Polykrates is tyrant at Samos.
530 BCE: Red-figure pottery style takes precedent over black-figure.
530 BCE: The Andokides Painter invents red-figure pottery.
525 BCE - 456 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.
521 BCE: Darius I (Darius the Great) succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Cambyses.
514 BCE: The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton - the 'tyrannicides'.
514 BCE: Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.
508 BCE: Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
507 BCE: Cleisthenes establishes new form of government, Democracy, in Athens.
499 BCE - 494 BCE: Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
498 BCE: Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
496 BCE - 406 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles.
495 BCE: Birth of Pericles.
492 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Greece.
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
487 BCE - 486 BCE: Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.
486 BCE: Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
484 BCE - 407 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.
482 BCE: Themistocles persuades the Athenians to build a fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
480 BCE: Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
480 BCE: Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
480 BCE: Xerxes I makes extensive preparations to invade mainland Greece by building depots, canals and a boat bridge across the Hellespont.
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
478 BCE: Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
478 BCE - 404 BCE: The Delian League in Greece, led by Athens.
469 BCE - 399 BCE: Life of Socrates.
462 BCE - 458 BCE: Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.
460 BCE - 380 BCE: Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.
457 BCE: Hegemony of Athens over central Greece.
457 BCE - 445 BCE: First Peloponnesian War.
451 BCE - 403 CE: Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.
451 BCE: Five years truce between Athens and Peloponnesians.
451 BCE: Thirty years peace between Argos and Sparta.
449 BCE - 448 BCE: Peace between Greece and Persia.
448 BCE: The Peace of Callias with Persia.
448 BCE: Ionian cities become independent from Persia.
447 BCE - 432 BCE: The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Pheidias.
446 BCE - 445 BCE: Thirty years peace between Athens and Peloponnesians.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
427 BCE - 347 BCE: Life of Plato.
421 BCE: Peace of Nicias, a truce between the Delian and Peloponnesian Leagues.
420 BCE: Democritos develops an atomic theory of matter.
415 BCE: The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
412 BCE: Sparta allies with Persia.
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
403 BCE: Plato turns away from politics toward philosophy.
400 BCE: Pepper is known in Greece.
399 BCE: Trial and death of the philosopher Socrates, who taught in the court of the Agora.
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
395 BCE - 386 BCE: The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
384 BCE - 322 BCE: Life of Aristotle.
380 BCE: Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
379 BCE - 376 BCE: Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
375 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
371 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuktra.
371 BCE - 362 BCE: Thebes is the dominant city state in Greece.
368 BCE - 365 BCE: Young Philip II is held hostage in Thebes.
367 BCE: Celtic mercenaries fight with the Spartans against Thebes.
364 BCE: Theban general Pelopidas killed at the Battle of Kynoskephalai.
362 BCE: Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
359 BCE - 336 BCE: Reign of Philip II of Macedon.
356 BCE - 323 BCE: Life of Alexander the Great.
350 BCE: The Scythians have absorbed a lot of Greek culture, Scythian artefacts show Greek-style depictions.
347 BCE: Plato dies at his Academy.
343 BCE: Aristotle becomes tutor of young Alexander.
338 BCE: Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
336 BCE - 323 BCE: Reign of Alexander the Great.
334 BCE: Alexander the Great invades the Persian empire.
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
323 BCE - 31 BCE: Hellenistic civilization in Greece, the Mediterranean and Asia.
320 BCE: Last recorded examples of Attic Red-Figure Pottery.
307 BCE: Democracy is restored in Athens.
270 BCE: Aristarchos of Samos proposes a heliocentric world view.
146 BCE: Roman influence over Greece begins to rise.
146 BCE: Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
140 BCE: Venus of Milo is completed.
88 BCE - 63 BCE: Mithridates of Pontus fights three wars to free Greece from Rome.
86 BCE: The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens.
42 CE - 62 CE: St. Paul goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
257 CE - 263 CE: The Goths raid Greece.
267 CE: The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.