Thebes Timeline

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6000 BCE 5500 BCE 5000 BCE 4500 BCE 4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE  
 
 
6000 BCE - 2900 BCE: Neolithic Age settlements in Greece, beginning of agriculture. .
 
 
3200 BCE - 1100 BCE: The Cycladic Civilization in Greece.
 
3000 BCE: First evidence of habitation at Thebes.
 
 
2700 BCE - 1500 BCE: The Minoan Civilization flourishes on Crete, Greece. King Minos establishes the first navy in the region.
 
2300 BCE: Bronze is used in the Aegean.
 
2000 BCE: Early Greeks settle the Peloponnese.
 
2000 BCE: First shaft graves at Thebes.
 
 
2000 BCE - 1450 BCE: Minoan civilization in Crete and the Aegean.
 
 
1900 BCE - 1100 BCE: Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
 
 
1650 BCE - 1550 BCE: Eruption of Thera and consequent tidal waves, destruction of Akrotiri and other Aegean centres.
 
 
1500 BCE - 1300 BCE: Mycenaean Thebes at its peak of prosperity and influence.
 
 
1250 BCE - 1200 BCE: Mycenaean chamber tombs constructed at Thebes.
 
1100 BCE: Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
 
 
1100 BCE: Greeks implement use of individual tombs and graves.
 
 
1000 BCE: The first distinctive Greek pottery is produced, the Proto-geometric style.
 
 
900 BCE: The Geometric style of Greek pottery is first produced.
 
 
900 BCE: Sparta is founded.
 
 
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
 
800 BCE - 700 BCE: Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
 
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Archaic period of Greece.
 
 
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
 
 
734 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
 
683 BCE - 682 BCE: List of annual archons at Athens begins.
 
 
660 BCE: Pheidon is tyrant in Argos.
 
 
657 BCE - 585 BCE: The Kypselidai are tyrants of Corinth.
 
650 BCE: Earliest large scale Greek marble sculpture.
 
 
650 BCE - 600 BCE: Age of law-givers in Greece.
 
650 BCE: Sparta crushes Messenian revolt.
 
 
625 BCE - 600 BCE: The orientalizing style of Greek pottery becomes popular in Corinth.
 
 
625 BCE: Black-figure pottery created in Corinth.
 
 
594 BCE - 593 BCE: In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.
 
 
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
 
 
560 BCE: The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
 
 
560 BCE: Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.
 
546 BCE - 545 BCE: Persian conquest of Ionian Greek city-states.
 
 
539 BCE: Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.
 
 
530 BCE - 522 BCE: Polykrates is tyrant at Samos.
 
530 BCE: The Andokides Painter invents red-figure pottery.
 
530 BCE: Red-figure pottery style takes precedent over black-figure.
 
525 BCE - 456 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.
 
521 BCE: Darius I (Darius the Great) succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Cambyses.
 
 
514 BCE: The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton - the 'tyrannicides'.
 
514 BCE: Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.
 
 
508 BCE: Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
 
507 BCE: Cleisthenes establishes new form of government, Democracy, in Athens.
 
499 BCE - 494 BCE: Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
 
 
498 BCE: Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
 
496 BCE - 406 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles.
 
495 BCE: Birth of Pericles.
 
492 BCE: Darius I of Persia invades Greece.
 
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
 
487 BCE - 486 BCE: Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.
 
486 BCE: Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
 
484 BCE - 407 BCE: Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.
 
482 BCE: Themistocles persuades the Athenians to build a fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
 
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
 
480 BCE: Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
 
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
 
480 BCE: Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
 
 
480 BCE: Xerxes I makes extensive preparations to invade mainland Greece by building depots, canals and a boat bridge across the Hellespont.
 
 
480 BCE - 323 BCE: The Classical Period in Greece.
 
 
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
 
478 BCE: Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
 
478 BCE - 404 BCE: The Delian League in Greece, led by Athens.
 
 
469 BCE - 399 BCE: Life of Socrates.
 
 
462 BCE - 458 BCE: Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.
 
460 BCE - 380 BCE: Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.
 
460 BCE - 445 BCE: First Peloponnesian War.
 
 
457 BCE: Hegemony of Athens over central Greece.
 
451 BCE - 403 CE: Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.
 
451 BCE: Thirty years peace between Argos and Sparta.
 
449 BCE - 448 BCE: Peace between Greece and Persia.
 
448 BCE: Ionian cities become independent from Persia.
 
448 BCE: The Peace of Callias with Persia.
 
447 BCE - 432 BCE: The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Pheidias.
 
446 BCE - 445 BCE: Thirty years peace between Athens and Peloponnesians.
 
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
 
431 BCE - 404 BCE: Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
 
 
427 BCE - 347 BCE: Life of Plato.
 
421 BCE: Peace of Nicias, a truce between the Delian and Peloponnesian Leagues.
 
420 BCE: Democritos develops an atomic theory of matter.
 
 
415 BCE: The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
 
412 BCE: Sparta allies with Persia.
 
 
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
 
 
403 BCE: Plato turns away from politics toward philosophy.
 
 
400 BCE - 330 BCE: The Late Classical Period in Greece.
 
 
400 BCE: Pepper is known in Greece.
 
 
399 BCE: Trial and death of the philosopher Socrates, who taught in the court of the Agora.
 
 
398 BCE - 380 BCE: Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
 
 
395 BCE - 386 BCE: The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
 
 
384 BCE - 322 BCE: Life of Aristotle.
 
 
380 BCE: Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
 
 
379 BCE - 376 BCE: Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
 
375 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
 
 
371 BCE: Thebes defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuktra.
 
371 BCE - 362 BCE: Thebes is the dominant city-state in Greece.
 
368 BCE - 365 BCE: Young Philip II is held hostage in Thebes.
 
367 BCE: Celtic mercenaries fight with the Spartans against Thebes.
 
364 BCE: Theban general Pelopidas killed at the Battle of Kynoskephalai.
 
362 BCE: Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
 
359 BCE - 336 BCE: Reign of Philip II of Macedon.
 
356 BCE - 323 BCE: Life of Alexander the Great.
 
350 BCE: The Scythians have absorbed a lot of Greek culture, Scythian artefacts show Greek-style depictions.
 
 
347 BCE: Plato dies at his Academy.
 
343 BCE: Aristotle becomes tutor of young Alexander.
 
338 BCE: Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
 
336 BCE - 323 BCE: Reign of Alexander the Great.
 
334 BCE: Alexander invades the Persian empire.
 
331 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
 
 
323 BCE - 31 BCE: The Hellenistic Age.Greek thought and culture infuses with indigenous people.
 
 
323 BCE - 31 BCE: Hellenistic civilization in Greece, the Mediterranean and Asia.
 
320 BCE: Last recorded examples of Attic Red-Figure Pottery.
 
 
310 BCE: Assassination of Roxanne and Alexander IV, wife and son of Alexander the Great.
 
307 BCE: Democracy is restored in Athens.
 
270 BCE: Aristarchos of Samos proposes a heliocentric world view.
 
 
168 BCE: Rome defeats Macedon at Battle of Pydna.
 
146 BCE: Roman influence over Greece begins to rise.
 
 
146 BCE: Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
 
140 BCE: Venus of Milo is completed.
 
88 BCE - 63 BCE: Mithridates of Pontus fights three wars to free Greece from Rome.
 
 
86 BCE: The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens and the port of Piraeus.
 
 
31 BCE: Greece absorbed into Roman Empire.
 
42 CE - 62 CE: St. Paul goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
 
 
50 CE - 60 CE: Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
 
257 CE - 263 CE: The Goths raid Greece.
 
267 CE: The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6000 BCE 5000 BCE 4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE

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Timeline

  • c. 6000 BCE - 2900 BCE
    Neolithic Age settlements in Greece, beginning of agriculture. .
  • c. 3200 BCE - 1100 BCE
    The Cycladic Civilization in Greece.
  • 3000 BCE
    First evidence of habitation at Thebes.
  • 2700 BCE - 1500 BCE
    The Minoan Civilization flourishes on Crete, Greece. King Minos establishes the first navy in the region.
  • 2300 BCE
    Bronze is used in the Aegean.
  • 2000 BCE
    Early Greeks settle the Peloponnese.
  • 2000 BCE
    First shaft graves at Thebes.
  • 2000 BCE - 1450 BCE
  • 1900 BCE - 1100 BCE
    Mycenaean civilization in Greece and the Aegean.
  • 1650 BCE - 1550 BCE
    Eruption of Thera and consequent tidal waves, destruction of Akrotiri and other Aegean centres.
  • 1500 BCE - 1300 BCE
    Mycenaean Thebes at its peak of prosperity and influence.
  • 1250 BCE - 1200 BCE
    Mycenaean chamber tombs constructed at Thebes.
  • 1100 BCE
    Dorian peoples occupy Greece.
  • c. 1100 BCE
    Greeks implement use of individual tombs and graves.
  • c. 1000 BCE
    The first distinctive Greek pottery is produced, the Proto-geometric style.
  • c. 900 BCE
    The Geometric style of Greek pottery is first produced.
  • c. 900 BCE
    Sparta is founded.
  • 800 BCE - 500 BCE
    Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
  • c. 800 BCE - c. 700 BCE
    Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
  • c. 800 BCE - 500 BCE
  • c. 740 BCE - c. 433 BCE
    Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
  • c. 734 BCE
    Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
  • 683 BCE - 682 BCE
    List of annual archons at Athens begins.
  • c. 660 BCE
    Pheidon is tyrant in Argos.
  • c. 657 BCE - 585 BCE
    The Kypselidai are tyrants of Corinth.
  • 650 BCE
    Earliest large scale Greek marble sculpture.
  • 650 BCE - 600 BCE
    Age of law-givers in Greece.
  • c. 650 BCE
    Sparta crushes Messenian revolt.
  • c. 625 BCE - 600 BCE
    The orientalizing style of Greek pottery becomes popular in Corinth.
  • c. 625 BCE
    Black-figure pottery created in Corinth.
  • 594 BCE - 593 BCE
    In Athens the archon Solon lays the foundations for democracy.
  • 580 BCE - 376 BCE
    Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
  • 560 BCE
    The oracles of Delphi and Thebes both tell King Croesus of Lydia that if he attacks the Medes, he will destroy a great empire. Seeing this as a good omen, he goes to war, loses, and the Lydian Empire is destroyed.
  • c. 560 BCE
    Pisistratos becomes tyrant in Athens for the first time.
  • 546 BCE - 545 BCE
    Persian conquest of Ionian Greek city-states.
  • 539 BCE
    Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.
  • 530 BCE - 522 BCE
    Polykrates is tyrant at Samos.
  • 530 BCE
    The Andokides Painter invents red-figure pottery.
  • c. 530 BCE
    Red-figure pottery style takes precedent over black-figure.
  • c. 525 BCE - c. 456 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Aeschylus.
  • 521 BCE
    Darius I (Darius the Great) succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Cambyses.
  • 514 BCE
    The tyrant of Athens Hipparchos is killed by Harmodios and Aristogeiton - the 'tyrannicides'.
  • 514 BCE
    Fall of the Peisistratid tyranny in Athens.
  • c. 508 BCE
    Reforms by Cleisthenes establishes democracy in Athens.
  • 507 BCE
    Cleisthenes establishes new form of government, Democracy, in Athens.
  • 499 BCE - 494 BCE
    Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
  • c. 498 BCE
    Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
  • c. 496 BCE - c. 406 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Sophocles.
  • c. 495 BCE
    Birth of Pericles.
  • 492 BCE
    Darius I of Persia invades Greece.
  • 11 Sep 490 BCE
    A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
  • 487 BCE - 486 BCE
    Archons begin to be appointed by lot in Athens.
  • 486 BCE
    Xerxes succeeds to the throne of Persia after the death of Darius I.
  • c. 484 BCE - 407 BCE
    Life of Greek tragedy poet Euripides.
  • 482 BCE
    Themistocles persuades the Athenians to build a fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
  • Aug 480 BCE
    The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
  • Aug 480 BCE
    Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
  • Sep 480 BCE
    Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
  • 480 BCE
    Thebes sides with Persia during Xerxes invasion of Greece.
  • Jul 480 BCE
    Xerxes I makes extensive preparations to invade mainland Greece by building depots, canals and a boat bridge across the Hellespont.
  • 480 BCE - 323 BCE
    The Classical Period in Greece.
  • 479 BCE
    Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
  • 478 BCE
    Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
  • 478 BCE - 404 BCE
    The Delian League in Greece, led by Athens.
  • c. 469 BCE - 399 BCE
    Life of Socrates.
  • c. 462 BCE - 458 BCE
    Pericles introduces democratic institutions in Athens.
  • c. 460 BCE - c. 380 BCE
    Life of Greek comic poet Aristophanes.
  • 460 BCE - 445 BCE
    First Peloponnesian War.
  • 457 BCE
    Hegemony of Athens over central Greece.
  • c. 451 BCE - c. 403 CE
    Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.
  • 451 BCE
    Thirty years peace between Argos and Sparta.
  • 449 BCE - 448 BCE
    Peace between Greece and Persia.
  • 448 BCE
    Ionian cities become independent from Persia.
  • 448 BCE
    The Peace of Callias with Persia.
  • 447 BCE - 432 BCE
    The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Pheidias.
  • 446 BCE - 445 BCE
    Thirty years peace between Athens and Peloponnesians.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
  • 427 BCE - 347 BCE
    Life of Plato.
  • 421 BCE
    Peace of Nicias, a truce between the Delian and Peloponnesian Leagues.
  • 420 BCE
    Democritos develops an atomic theory of matter.
  • c. 415 BCE
    The Histories of Herodotus is published. The work is divided into nine chapters, each dedicated to one of the Muses.
  • 412 BCE
    Sparta allies with Persia.
  • 404 BCE
    End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
  • 403 BCE
    Plato turns away from politics toward philosophy.
  • 400 BCE - 330 BCE
    The Late Classical Period in Greece.
  • 400 BCE
    Pepper is known in Greece.
  • 399 BCE
    Trial and death of the philosopher Socrates, who taught in the court of the Agora.
  • c. 398 BCE - c. 380 BCE
    Plato travels in Egypt, Cyrene, Italy, Syracuse and Sicily.
  • 395 BCE - 386 BCE
    The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
  • 384 BCE - 322 BCE
    Life of Aristotle.
  • 380 BCE
    Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
  • 379 BCE - 376 BCE
    Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
  • 375 BCE
    Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
  • 371 BCE
    Thebes defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuktra.
  • 371 BCE - 362 BCE
    Thebes is the dominant city-state in Greece.
  • 368 BCE - 365 BCE
    Young Philip II is held hostage in Thebes.
  • 367 BCE
    Celtic mercenaries fight with the Spartans against Thebes.
  • 364 BCE
    Theban general Pelopidas killed at the Battle of Kynoskephalai.
  • 362 BCE
    Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
  • 359 BCE - 336 BCE
    Reign of Philip II of Macedon.
  • 21 Jul 356 BCE - 11 Jun 323 BCE
    Life of Alexander the Great.
  • 350 BCE
    The Scythians have absorbed a lot of Greek culture, Scythian artefacts show Greek-style depictions.
  • 347 BCE
    Plato dies at his Academy.
  • 343 BCE
    Aristotle becomes tutor of young Alexander.
  • 338 BCE
    Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
  • 336 BCE - 323 BCE
    Reign of Alexander the Great.
  • 334 BCE
    Alexander invades the Persian empire.
  • 331 BCE
    Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great without resistance.
  • 323 BCE - 31 BCE
    The Hellenistic Age.Greek thought and culture infuses with indigenous people.
  • 323 BCE - 31 BCE
  • 320 BCE
    Last recorded examples of Attic Red-Figure Pottery.
  • 310 BCE
    Assassination of Roxanne and Alexander IV, wife and son of Alexander the Great.
  • 307 BCE
    Democracy is restored in Athens.
  • 270 BCE
    Aristarchos of Samos proposes a heliocentric world view.
  • 168 BCE
    Rome defeats Macedon at Battle of Pydna.
  • 146 BCE
    Roman influence over Greece begins to rise.
  • 146 BCE
    Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
  • 140 BCE
    Venus of Milo is completed.
  • 88 BCE - 63 BCE
    Mithridates of Pontus fights three wars to free Greece from Rome.
  • 86 BCE
    The Roman general Sulla sacks Athens and the port of Piraeus.
  • 31 BCE
    Greece absorbed into Roman Empire.
  • 42 CE - 62 CE
    St. Paul goes on missionary journeys across Asia Minor, Greece, and Rome.
  • c. 50 CE - c. 60 CE
    Establishment of various Christian communities in the Eastern Mediterranean, Greece, Egypt, and at least the city of Rome.
  • 257 CE - 263 CE
    The Goths raid Greece.
  • 267 CE
    The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
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