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5500 BCE: Oldest faience workshop in Egypt founded at Abydos.
5200 BCE: Nile River Valley first inhabited.
5000 BCE: Organised farming begins in Egypt.
4000 BCE: Depictions of gods and afterlife on walls of Egyptian tombs.
3200 BCE: Hieroglyphic script developed in Egypt.
3150 BCE - 2686 BCE: Early Dynastic period in Egypt. First Pharaos.
2667 BCE - 2648 BCE: Imhotep in Egypt writes medical texts describing diagnosis and treatment of 200 diseases.
2630 BCE: First pyramid is built at Saqqara, Egypt.
2550 BCE - 2528 BCE: The Great Pyramid is constructed by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops).
2500 BCE: The Great Sphinx is built at Giza.
1800 BCE: The Kahun Gynecological Papyrus deals with women's health and contraception.
1800 BCE: Bronze working introduced to Egypt.
1600 BCE: Earliest Egyptian water-clocks in use.
1550 BCE: Composition of The Book of the Dead in Egypt.
1504 BCE - 1492 BCE: Egyptian empire reaches greatest extent under Tuthmosis I.
1479 BCE - 1458 BCE: Queen Hatshepsut rules Egypt.
1279 BCE - 1212 BCE: Reign of Ramesses II (The Great) in Egypt.
1274 BCE: Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
1264 BCE - 1244 BCE: Probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
1258 BCE: The Treaty of Kadesh between Egyptians and Hittites. The world's first peace treaty.
1244 BCE - 1224 BCE: Other probable dates for the construction of Abu Simbel.
750 BCE: Iron working is introduced to Egypt.
196 BCE: The Rosetta Stone was made, a stela carrying a priestly decree from the reign of Ptolemy V in three languages: Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic and Greek script.