The Catuvellauni, who had already proved themselves to be national leaders in times of external threat, were starting to make their presence felt far and wide.
By about AD 1 they had already placed a Catuvellauni prince, Cunobelinus, as ruler of the Trinovantes, and in circa AD 10 he became king of the Catuvellauni themselves, uniting the two kingdoms.
In around AD 25 the Catuvellauni also seem to have gained control of the Cantiaci, and Cunobelinus' brother seized the throne of the Atrebates, fighting a war to dislodge the ruling house from the southern half (the territory of the Belgae) and gaining it all by AD 43.
The tribes further north and west had still not been identified by the Romans in the form that they are shown here, but whatever names they were using, they certainly existed, and were becoming more sophisticated as Roman imports made their way inland from the kingdoms on the coast.
© P L Kessler / The History Files. Republished with the author's permission. Original illustration by P L Kessler. Uploaded by Jan van der Crabben, published on 06 July 2012 under the following license: Copyright. You cannot use, copy, distribute, or modify this item without explicit permission from the author.
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