What he wasn't prepared for was the English Channel, and some bad weather almost cost him dear. His expedition doesn't seem to have made it out of Kent's borders on this occasion.
However, when he returned a year later, it was with a much larger force and a much better idea of how to deal with some of the problems.
He quickly defeated the Cantiaci and advanced towards the Thames, crossing it at modern-day Brentford in Essex. He received envoys and offers of friendship from six tribes in the south, although the British tribal names that are mentioned (not shown) cannot be tied in with any later information.
Then he marched on the Catuvellauni stronghold near St Albans, and his victory over them would have delivered him the entire south-east, had he stayed. Instead, he decided to winter in Gaul, and events there conspired to prevent him ever returning to Britain.
© P L Kessler / The History Files. Republished with the author's permission. Original illustration by P L Kessler. Uploaded by Jan van der Crabben, published on 06 July 2012 under the following license: Copyright. You cannot use, copy, distribute, or modify this item without explicit permission from the author.
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