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Hadrian’s Wall (known in antiquity as the Vallum Hadriani or the Vallum Aelian) is a defensive frontier work in northern Britain which dates from 122 CE. The wall ran from coast to coast at a length of 73 statute miles (120 km). Though the wall is commonly thought to have been built to mark the boundary line between Britain and Scotland, this... [continue reading]
Lucius Aelius was Hadrian’s first intended successor. Aelius was the son of a powerful senatorial family. He served as consul in 136 CE and was officially adopted by Hadrian as his heir in 137 CE. However Aelius died before Hadrian on January 1st, 138 CE of tuberculosis. Hadrian was, therefore, forced to choose a new heir; Antoninus Pius.
published on 26 April 2012
A map of the Roman Empire and Europe in 125 CE, at the time of Roman emperor Hadrian. "Barbarian" names and locations are given as found in the works of Tacitus (written c. 100 CE).
Mixed portraiture type: Baiae & Imperatori 32. From c. 128 CE (Carthage) The photograph was taken during the exhibition “L’image et le pouvoir. Le siècle des Antonins” (Image and power. The age of the Antonines) at the Musée Saint-Raymond in Toulouse (France). The head is currently in storage at the Louvre, Paris.
Marble, colossal portrait head of the emperor Hadrian (AD 117-138), found in Athens. AD 130-138. From the Imperatori 32 portrait sculptural type. (National Archaeological Museum, Athens).
Prior to the birth of the Roman Empire in the latter part of the first century BCE, there had existed many empires among these were the Assyrian, the Babylonian, the Persian, and the Macedonian. All of these had great leaders such as Cyrus, Darius, Xerxes, and, of course, Alexander the Great. Yet, history tells us these great men were all called kings... [continue reading]
This statue depicts Hadrian nude, in the guise of Mars, the god of war. The statue shows characteristics of early versions of Hadrian’s portrait type, indicating that it was sculpted at the beginning of Hadrian’s reign, between 117 and 125 CE. Hadrian was the first emperor to be represented in this manner. (Capitoline Museums, Rome)
A detail of the temple dedicated to the Roman Emperor Hadrian, Ephesos (2nd century CE). The temple consisted of an outer porch - with four frontal columns, triangular pediment and arch - and an inner cella.
The Temple of Venus and Rome (Templum Veneris et Romae) is thought to have been the largest temple in Ancient Rome. The architect was the emperor Hadrian and construction began in 121 CE. It was officially inaugurated by Hadrian in 135 CE, and finished in 141 CE under Antoninus Pius. Damaged by fire in 307 CE, it was restored with alterations by the emperor Maxentius.
Hadrian (76-138 CE) was the fourteenth Emperor of Rome (10 August 117 to 10 July 138 CE) and is known as the third of the Five Good Emperors (Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius) who ruled justly. Born Publius Aelius Hadrianus, probably in Hispania, Hadrian is best known for his substantial building projects throughout the Roman Empire... [continue reading]