According legend, Ephesus (also Ephesos) was founded by the tribe of the Amazons, great female warriors. The name of the city is thought to have been derived from "Apasas", the name of a city in the "Kingdom of Arzawa" meaning the "city of the Mother Goddess" and some scholars maintain that the sign of the labrys, the double-axe... [continue reading]
All Definitions (5) Articles (2) Videos (0) Images (19) Blogs (0)
The Mazeus-Mithridates Gate, consisting of three arched entrances, led from the library of Celsus to the Roman Agora of Ephesos. It was built by and named after two emancipated slaves of emperor Augustus in 4 or 3 BCE, who dedicated the gate to their patron on being freed.
Marble statue of the Ephesian Artemis, 125-175 CE. (Selcuk Museum, Selcuk, Turkey)
Artemisia of Caria (also known as Artemisia I) was the queen of the Anatolian region of Caria (north of ancient Lydia, in modern-day Turkey). She is most famous for her role in the naval Battle of Salamis in 480 BCE in which she fought for the Persians and distinguished herself both for her conduct in battle and for the advice she gave the Persian... [continue reading]
Asia Minor is a geographic region in the south-western part of Asia comprising most of what is present-day Turkey. The earliest reference to the region comes from tablets of the Akkadian Dynasty (2334-2083 BCE) where it is known as “The Land of the Hatti” and was inhabited by the Hittites. The Hittites themselves referred to the land as "Assuwa"... [continue reading]
The Celsus Library of Ephesus, named after the city’s former Roman governor and constructed in the 2nd century CE, was a repository of over 12,000 scrolls and one of the most impressive buildings in the Roman Empire. Commissioned in 114 CE by Tiberius Julius Acquila, the library was built to commemorate his father Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus... [continue reading]
A deatil of the facade of the library of Ephesos (c. 117 CE).
Completed in 117 CE, the library was ordered built by Tiberius Julius Acquila in memory of his father Tiberius Julius Celsus Polemaeanus, proconsul (governor) of the Asian province c. 105 to 114 CE.
Leading from the Heracles Gate to the Celsus Library, Curetes street (named after the priest class of Ephesos) was lined with colonnaded galleries, various temples, store rooms and houses, and statues of the city's benefactors (of which the inscribed bases remain).
A detail of the facade of the Celsus Library in Ephesos (ca. 117 CE). The statue represents ennoia (intelligence) an attribute associated with the former proconsul Celsus to whom the building was dedicated.
submitted on 27 June 2014
Name: Ephesus Continent: MIDDLE-EAST Alt Name: Efes Country: Turkey Period: Ancient Greece Sub-Region: - Date: 1000BC - 501BC City/Town: Selcuk Figure: Alexander the Great Resorts: Izmir, Aydin,…