Egypt is a country in North Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea, and is among the oldest civilizations on earth. The name 'Egypt' comes from the Greek Aegyptos which was the Greek pronunciation of the Egyptian name 'Hwt-Ka-Ptah' (which means House of the Spirit of Ptah, who was a very early God of the Ancient Egyptians). In the early Old Kingdom... [continue reading]
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Phoenicia was an ancient civilization comprised of independent city-states which lay along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea stretching through what is now Syria, Lebannon and northern Israel. The Phoenicians were a great maritime people, known for their mighty ships adorned with horses’ heads in honor of their god of the sea, Yamm, the brother... [continue reading]
Zenodot Verlagsgesellschaft mbH
published on 26 April 2012
circa. 1200 BCE Burial chamber of Sennedjem, Scene: Plowing farmer. "Sennedjem" plowing: (1st and 2nd column in front: "Behold"-(i+Crown), "plowing-by-Hand-(earth), in Osiris's House-Two Lands(of Egypt), col 2: "Sennedjem, ..."True of Voice")-The Plow hieroglyph is 'poor', or may have 'dual'(?) meanings-(equal to: "black"-(Kam-t)-Egypt(?)).
Paul Joseph De Mola after Mark Pluciennik
published on 08 May 2013
Figure 1: Regenerating nature of life, with the teleological ‘arrow’ of existence pointing forward.
Researchers in Egypt have recently suggested that Ancient Egyptians lived with air pollution just as we do in the modern day. Apparently, this research and its findings have been controversial. Read this provocative article by clicking here.
The Land of Punt is best known for Queen Hatshepsut’s famous expedition in 1493 BCE in the 18th Dyanasty of Egypt, which brought back living trees to Egypt, marking the first known successful attempt at transplanting foreign fauna. Nonetheless, evidence suggests that the Egyptians were trading with the land of Punt as early as the reign of the pharaoh... [continue reading]
A pyramid is a structure or monument, usually with a quadrilateral base, which rises to a triangular point. In the popular imagination, pyramids are the three lonely structures on the Giza plateau at the edge of the Sahara Desert but there are over seventy pyramids in Egypt stretching down the Nile River Valley and, in their time, they were the centers... [continue reading]
Also known as 'Kabechet’ or 'Kebechet’, Qebhet was a goddess of ancient Egypt, the daughter of the god of death, Anubis. She is the personification of cool, refreshing water and is mentioned frequently in the Egyptian Book of the Dead as she brings water to the souls of the dead in the Hall of Truth, where they are judged. The Egyptians believed... [continue reading]
Joshua J. Mark
published on 18 January 2012
Hatshepsut, whose name means "foremost of noble women" (also known as Ma’at-ka-re, translated as "spirit of harmony and truth") was the fifth ruler of the 18th Dynasty (1479-1458 BCE). She was the daughter of Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose and, as was common in Egyptian royal houses, married her half-brother Tuthmosis II. They... [continue reading]
Coffin mask of queen consort of king Djehuti (around 1650 BC). Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst (State Museum of Egyptian Art) in Munich.
A team led by Oxford University professor Christopher Ramsey has established a more accurate chronology of Dynastic Egypt than has ever been possible. The study was based on a radiocarbon analysis of plant remains from ancient Egypt. Surprisingly, the results largely confirm the previously established chronology from ancient sources. Some proposed dates... [continue reading]