The island of Crete was the center of Minoan civilization in Bronze-Age Greece that flourished from approximately 2200 to 1450 BCE. With a total area of 8336 square-kilometers, it is the largest of the Greek islands and the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is mountainous and has natural harbors. According to Homer, Crete had 90 cities... [continue reading]
All Definitions (6) Articles (7) Images (29) Blogs (0) Videos (0)
Located on the fertile Mesara plain in central Crete, Phaistos has been inhabited since the Final Neolithic period (ca. 3600-3000 BCE). The settlements greatest period of influence was from the 20th to 15th century BCE, during which time it was, along with Knossos, Malia and Zakros, one of the most important centres of the Minoan civilization. Settlement continued... [continue reading]
One side (A) of the Phaistos disk, New-Palace period (1600-1450 BCE), Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete, Each side of the clay disk is impressed with hieroglyphic symbols as yet undeciphered.
One side (B) of the Phaistos Disk, New-Palace period (1600-1450 BCE). Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete,
The minoan settlement of Phaistos archaeological site, Crete (2000-1400 BCE). A silo for grain storage.
Ancient Cretan Pithoi, used for storage of food products. Malia, Crete (1900-1450 BCE).
The stone Kernos for food offerings of the collected harvest, the Minoan settlement of Malia, Crete (1650-1450 BCE).
The lawcode from Gortyn, Crete was written in the 5th century BCE and is said to be the largest epigraphic text in ancient Greek (8 m x 1.70 m).
The Minoan palace at Knossos, Crete (c. 1500 BCE).
Mark Alonge, Stanford University
published on 07 November 2011
The Palaikastro Hymn—better known as the Hymn of the Kouretes—does not celebrate a god of pre-Hellenic pedigree, who is Zeus in name only, as scholars have believed with virtual unanimity. Rather, an understanding of the conventions of Greek hymnic performance in its ritual context goes far to elucidating many of the ostensibly peculiar features... [continue reading]