The column was an architectural invention which allowed for the support of ceilings without the use of solid walls, thereby increasing the space which could be spanned by a ceiling, allowing the entrance of light and offering an alternative aesthetic to building exteriors, particularly in the peristyles of temples and on colonnades along stoas. Columns could... [continue reading]
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The 5th century BCE temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens.
The 5th century BCE Doric temple of Poseidon, Sounion, Greece.
Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy
published on 04 April 2014
More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=nrRJkzXl4a4 The Classical Orders (Doric, Ionic and Corinthian) A conversation with Dr. Steven Zucker & Dr. Beth Harris
The Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina which stands in Piazza Colonna in Rome is thought to have been erected by Commodus in memory of his father and mother sometime around 180 CE. The column was inspired by its more famous predecessor Trajan's Column which was set up, also in Rome, in 113 CE. The column carries representations carved in high relief... [continue reading]
The 5th century BCE Erechtheion, the Acropolis, Athens.
published on 25 October 2012
A view from Filoppappos Hill of the Parthenon in Athens (447-432 BCE) built to house the giant statue of the goddess Athena, patron of the city.
Trajan's Column in the Forum Romanum of Rome. Erected in 113 CE the column is covered in a spiral relief depicting scenes from the emperor's victorious Dacian campaigns.
A detail from Trajan's Column in the Forum Romanum of Rome. Erected in 113 CE the column and its reliefs commemorate the emperor's campaigns in Dacia. The reliefs are an invaluable source of information on the Roman army and depict such military subjects as weapons, armour, ships, fortifications and troop formations.
Trajan’s column, erected in 113 CE, stands in the Forum Romanum of Rome and is a commemorative monument decorated with reliefs illustrating Roman emperor Trajan’s two military campaigns in Dacia (modern Romania). The column was the first of many such monuments and it is also an invaluable source of information on the Roman Army and... [continue reading]