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Egyptian faience is a glassy substance manufactured most expertly by the ancient Egyptians (though the process was first developed in Mesopotamia, first at Ur and, later, Babylon). Faience was made by grinding quartz or sand crystals together with various amounts of sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and copper oxide. The resulting substance was formed... [continue reading]
Mycenae was a fortified late Bronze Age city located between two hills on the Argolid plain of the Peloponnese, Greece. The acropolis today dates from between the 14th and 13th century BCE when the Mycenaean civilization was at its peak of power, influence and artistic expression. In Greek mythology the city was founded by Perseus, who gave the... [continue reading]
published on 15 July 2011
Amenhotep III, King of Egypt (1390-1352 BCE) was the son and successor of Thutmose IV. The supposed divine nature of his birth is represented in a series of reliefs inside the Luxor Temple. He inherited a vast empire, stretching from Syria to the Fifth Cataract of the Nile in Sudan, maintained through trade and diplomacy. Several of his wives... [continue reading]