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Gilgamesh is the semi-mythic King of Uruk best known from The Epic of Gilgamesh (c.2000-1400 BC) the great Sumerian poetic work which pre-dates Homer’s writing by 1500 years and, therefore, stands as the oldest piece of western literature. Gilgamesh’s father was the Priest-King Lugalbanda and his mother the goddess Ninsun (the Holy Mother... [continue reading]
Cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia c. 5000 BCE. The name comes from the Latin word cuneus for `wedge' owing to the wedge-shaped style of writing. In cuneiform, a carefully cut writing implement known as a stylus is pressed into soft clay to produce wedge-like impressions which represent word-signs (pictographs... [continue reading]