Augustus Caesar (63 BCE – 14 CE) was the name of the first (and, by all accounts, greatest) emperor of Rome. Augustus was born Gaius Octavius Thurinus on 23 September 63 BCE. He was adopted by his great-uncle Julius Caesar in 44 BCE, and then took the name Gaius Julius Caesar. In 27 BCE the Senate awarded him the honorific Augustus ("the illustrious one"... [continue reading]
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A marble statue of Roman emperor Augustus in the guise of Pontifex Maximus, c. final decade of the 1st century BCE. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome).
Augustus is well known for being the first Emperor of Rome, but even more than that, for being a self-proclaimed “Restorer of the Republic.” He believed in ancestral values such as monogamy, chastity, and piety (virtue). Thus, he introduced a number of moral and political reforms in order to improve Roman society and formulate a new Roman government... [continue reading]
In June of 323 BCE, Alexander the Great died and his vast empire was divided among his generals. One of these generals was Ptolemy I Soter, a fellow Macedonian, who would found the Ptolemaic Dynasty in ancient Egypt. The Ptolemaic line, of Macedonian-Greek ethnicity, would continue to rule Egypt until the rise of the Roman Empire and the death of the... [continue reading]
Marble head of Livia Drusilla, wife of emperor Augustus, from Fayum (Egypt), copy from the 4th century CE or later after an original from 27-23 BCE (Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen)
The remains of the Forum of Augustus. Built by Caesar Augustus after his victory at Actium (probably around 20 BCE after the negotiated return of the standards lost by Marcus Licinius Crassus to the Parthians) it was built along with a temple to the God Mars Ultor.
published on 11 October 2013
A reconstruction of the Forum of Augustus in Rome with the temple of Mars Ultor, late 1st century BCE.
Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy
published on 04 April 2014
More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=bhE7cHE4wF0 Roman, Head of Augustus, c. 27-25 BCE, bronze and glass, 46.2 cm high x 26.5 cm wide x 29.4 cm deep, (British Museum, London) Speakers: Pippa Couch and Rachel Ropeik
published on 29 October 2013
Family tree of Julio-Claudian Dynasty producing 5 emperors at the start of the Roman Empire (27 BCE - 68 CE).
Gaius Julius Caesar was born 12 July 100 BCE (though some cite 102 as his birth year). His father, also Gaius Julius Caesar, was a Praetor who governed the province of Asia and his mother, Aurelia Cotta, was of noble birth. Both held to the Populare ideology of Rome which favored democratization of government and more rights for the lower class as opposed... [continue reading]
Marcus Antonius (known popularly as Mark Antony) was a Roman general and statesman. As Julius Caesar's friend and right-hand man, he gave the funeral oration after Caesar's assassination which turned the tide of popular opinion against the assassins. As part of the Second Triumvirate of Rome, he ruled uneasily with Octavius Caesar... [continue reading]