published on 26 June 2012
The Stone Age is divided into three stages. They are as follows:
1. Palaeolithic Age
- Oldest of Stone Age Periods, before 10,000 BC.
- Hunting and Gathering was the way of life in this age.
- Palaeolithic man used fire for cooking and to scare away the animals while living in caves.
- To ensure protection early man covered himself with coarse animal skin and large leaves.
- Palaeolithic man moved in groups to scare away wild animals.
- They painted rocks and caves.
2. Mesolithic Age
- In this age people started making semi-permanent houses.
- They probably had light wooden frameworks covered with thatch or sods. They could have been erected and dismantled quickly and easily.
- People started using boats for transport and fishing
- They started making flint tools with handles.
- Stone tools were made from microliths (tiny chips of stone made from blades or bladelets and set into toothed slots in bone or antler shafts) were used to create a variety of harpoons, arrows, and fish hooks.
- A very high percentage of skeletons recovered from late Mesolithic burials around 5000 BC show evidence of violence.
3. Neolithic Age
- People started making clay and metal potteries to store grain, food, etc.
- People started living in groups and led a community life.
- They domesticated goats, ships, donkeys, and similar animals for their benefit.
- They invented wheels, which they used to fatch water from the well, to make pottery etc.
- They used to creat family tomb.
- In the neolithic age people started making earrings, necklaces, ring idol figurine - pendants of silver and gold.