According to legend, Ancient Rome was founded by the two brothers, and demi-gods, Romulus and Remus, on 21 April 753. The legend claims that, in an argument over who would rule the city (or, in another version, where the city would be located) Romulus killed Remus and named the city after himself. This story of the founding of Rome is the best known but it... [continue reading]
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The site of the main sewer, called the Cloaca Maxima located in the Forum Romanum. Believed to be drained around 600 BCE by Tarquinius Priscus, the draining of the area between the Palatine, Capitoline, Esquiline & the Viminal Hills led to the establishment of the Forum Romanum and helped to promote the growth of the city of Rome itself. One of the original... [continue reading]
Slavery was an ever-present feature of the Roman world. Slaves served in households, agriculture, mines, the military, manufacturing workshops, construction and a wide range of services within the city. As many as 1 in 3 of the population in Italy or 1 in 5 across the empire were slaves and upon this foundation of forced labour was built the entire edifice... [continue reading]
Jan van der Crabben
published on 21 November 2011
State Counter-Terrorism in Ancient Rome: Toward a New Basis for the Diachronic Study of Terror By Ricardo Apostol Paper given at Re-Visioning Terrorism: An Interdisciplinary and International Conference... [continue reading]
published on 16 November 2013
The three remaining Corinthian columns of the Temple of Castor & Pollux in the Roman Forum, Rome. The present temple dates from the end of the 1st century BCE and early 1st century CE but replaced a temple also dedicated to the demi-god twins of Zeus built in 484 BCE.
The Temple of Castor and Pollux in the Roman Forum of Rome was erected in the final decade of the 1st century BCE, replacing the earlier temple to the twin sons of Jupiter which had stood on the site since 484 BCE. Today only the inner concrete core of the podium and three columns survive of this once massive structure. Castor and Pollux... [continue reading]
The Temple of Mars Ultor stands in the Forum of Augustus in Rome and was built to commemorate Augustus’ victory in 42 BCE at the Battle of Philippi over the assassins of Julius Caesar. The building became the place where important military decisions were taken and a site of several state ceremonies with a military connotation. The Forum... [continue reading]
The temple of Mars Ultor ('The Avenger') in the Forum of Augustus, 1st century BCE, Rome. It was built by Augustus to commemorate the Battle of Philippi and the defeat of Julius Caesar's assassins in 42 BCE.
The 2nd century BCE Temple of Portunus, Rome. At the sides can be seen engaged columns.
Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy
published on 04 April 2014
More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=5u1Nrmdyd-A Temple of Portunus (formerly known as, Fortuna Virilis), travertine, tufa, and stucco, c. 120-80 B.C.E., Rome A smarthistory.org video by Beth Harris and Steven Zucker.
published on 06 December 2013
The 4th century Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum of Rome. Once housing a cult statue of Saturn it was the focal point of the annual Saturnalia celebrations every December and housed the city's treasury.