All Definitions (29) Articles (3) Images (46)
published on 29 October 2013
Family tree of Julio-Claudian Dynasty producing 5 emperors at the start of the Roman Empire (27 BCE - 68 CE).
Emperor Justinian I (Greek: Φλάβιος Πέτρος Σαββάτιος Ἰουστινιανός; Latin: Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus Augustus) was born around 482 CE in Tauresium, a village in Illyria. His uncle... [continue reading]
NOTE: This article has now become the definition of Caracalla. Even though it is now a duplicate entry we're keeping it for all those who have linked to it. The emperor Caracalla was born Lucius Septimius Bassianus on the 4 of April, 188, in Lugdunum (Lyon), where his father Septimius Severus was serving as the governor of Gallia Lugdunensis... [continue reading]
A marble bust of Roman emperor Macrinus, r. 217-218 CE. (The Vatican Museums, Rome).
It is a story that has been told countless times before - an emperor is assassinated leaving no heir or successor. On April 8, 217 CE Roman Emperor Caracalla was murdered, supposedly on the orders of the man who would eventually become his successor, Macrinus. This new emperor, during his 14-month reign, would have two major distinctions - he would never... [continue reading]
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (121 - 180 CE), known as the last of the good emperors (reigned 161 – 169 with Lucius Verus; 169 – 177 alone; 177 - 180 with Commodus), was born in Rome (or, according to other sources, Spain) to an aristocratic family. His birth name was Marcus Annius Verus which he held until adopted by his uncle (and Emperor Hadrian’s successor... [continue reading]
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (121-180 CE) has been hailed as “one of the noblest figures in antiquity” and his work, Meditations, would certainly attest to the truth of that praise. Aurelius is known today as “the last of the good emperors” and, while his depiction in the film Gladiator(2000) is highly fictionalized (especially concerning... [continue reading]
A marble bust of Roman emperor Maximinus I, r. 235-238 CE. (The Vatican Museums, Rome).
published on 18 November 2013
A marble portrait of Roman Emperor Maximinus Thrax, r. 235-238 CE. (Capitoline Museums, Rome)
The young Roman Emperor Alexander Severus secured the imperial throne after the assassination of his cousin Elagabalus by the Praetorian Guard in 222 CE. Thirteen years later in 235 CE, after unsuccessful assaults against the Parthians and Germans, the army, tired of his inability to command, murdered him and his mother, Julia Mamaea, and rallied behind... [continue reading]
Prior to the birth of the Roman Empire in the latter part of the first century BCE, there had existed many empires among these were the Assyrian, the Babylonian, the Persian, and the Macedonian. All of these had great leaders such as Cyrus, Darius, Xerxes, and, of course, Alexander the Great. Yet, history tells us these great men were all called kings... [continue reading]