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Abacus - a large slab placed above the column capital to support the architrave or an arch placed above it. Akroterion - a decorative piece added to the roof of a temple at the apex and corners, usually made of clay or bronze and often in the form of a palm or statue, for example of Nike. Adyton - the most sacred inner... [continue reading]
Brooklyn Museum Archives. Goodyear Archival Collection. Visual materials [6.1.024]: Pompeii. Theaters, Pompeii, Italy.
published on 13 November 2012
A black and white photo taken c. 1900 CE of the Roman town of Pompeii, buried in volcanic ash following the eruption of Veusvius in 79 CE. In the foreground are two theatres.
In antiquity, aqueducts were a means to transport water from one place to another, achieving a regular and controlled water supply to a place which would not otherwise have received sufficient water to meet basic needs such as irrigation of food crops and drinking fountains. They may take the form of underground tunnels, networks of surface channels and canals... [continue reading]
published on 15 March 2013
The intrados or inner surface of the principal arch of the Triumphal Arch of Septimius Severus built in 203 CE.
The Triumphal Arch known as the Arch of Augustus in Aosta, northern Italy. The arch was erected in the reign of Augustus in 25 BCE to honour the emperor and his victory over the Salssi. The central iron crucifix and roof are more modern additions.
The north side of the Arch of Constantine I in Rome. Dedicated in 315 CE, the triumphal arch celebrates the emperor's victory over the Roman tyrant Maxentius in 312 CE. It is the largest surviving triumphal arch and the last great Imperial Roman monument.
The Arch of Janus, erected in the 4th century CE, stands in the forum Boarium of Rome and was most probably set up as a boundary-marker rather than a commemorative triumphal arch. The four-way marble arch stands over the Cloaca Maxima or Great Drain which ran down to the river Tiber. The monument presents an imposing squat block of masonry... [continue reading]
The Arch of Janus in the forum Boarium of Rome, constructed in the 4th century CE. The four-way marble arch probably acted as a boundary marker and, perhaps not coincidentally, stands directly over the Great Drain or Cloaca Maxima which fed into the river Tiber.
The triumphal arch of Septimius Severus in the Forum Romanum of Rome, erected in 203 CE to commemorate victory over the Parthians.
Roman architecture continued the legacy left by the earlier architects of the Greek world, and the Roman respect for this tradition and their particular reverence for the established architectural orders, especially the Corinthian, is evident in many of their large public buildings. However, the Romans were also great innovators and they quickly... [continue reading]