The Mycenaean civilization flourished in the late Bronze Age, from the 15th to the 13th century BCE and extended its influence not only throughout the Peloponnese in Greece but also across the Aegean, in particular, on Crete and the Cycladic islands. The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan civilization (2000-1450 BCE) which... [continue reading]
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Argos lies on the fertile Argolid plain in the eastern Peloponnese in Greece. The site has been inhabited from prehistoric times up to the present day. Ancient Argos was built on two hills: Aspis and Larissa, 80 m and 289 m in height respectively. Argos, along with Mycenae and Tiryns, was a significant Mycenaean centre, and the city remained important throughout... [continue reading]
published on 01 December 2012
The Cyclopean fortifications surrounding the Bronze Age sites of Mycenae, Tiryns, Athens, and Gla were constructed for two reasons: as a military defense system and as a tangible and persuasive articulation of wealth, power, and authority. The architecture of these walls, therefore, is significant both for the study of Bronze Age politics on mainland Greece... [continue reading]
published on 18 May 2013
The so-called death mask of Agamemnon - the king of Mycenae in Homer's Iliad. Gold funeral mask from Grave Circle A, Mycenae (mid-16th century BCE). The mask in fact predates Agamemnon by 400 years but nevertheless remains solid evidence of Homer's description of Mycenae as 'rich in gold'. (National Archaeological Museum, Athens).
Chamber Tomb 12 at the site of Dendra, is most famous as being the tomb from where the Dendra Panoply came from, and like that panoply, dates to around the end of the 15th century BC. Unlike the rest of the chamber tombs at Dendra, this one is unique in not having a 'dromos' (a long narrow passage way) leading to the tomb proper, instead it had an entrance... [continue reading]
The royal grave circle within the walls of Mycenae (1600 BCE). It was in the shaft graves here that Heinrich Schliemann discovered in 1876 CE the famous gold death mask attributed (incorrectly) to King Agamemnon.
Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy
published on 04 April 2014
Mask of Agamemnon, from shaft grave V, grave circle A, c.1550-1500 B.C.E., gold, 12 inches / 35 cm (National Archaeological Museum, Athens) Speakers: Dr. Steven Zucker & Dr. Beth Harris
The Citadel of Mycenae, occupied from late Neolithic times until the twelfth century BCE. The Mycenaean civilization was at its peak from 1350-1200 BCE and it is from this period that the fortifications acquired the form seen today.
Mycenae was a fortified late Bronze Age city located between two hills on the Argolid plain of the Peloponnese, Greece. The acropolis today dates from between the 14th and 13th century BCE when the Mycenaean civilization was at its peak of power, influence and artistic expression. In Greek mythology the city was founded by Perseus, who gave the site... [continue reading]
Mycenaean boar's tusk helmet excavated from chamber tomb 515. A description of this type of helmet can be found in Homer's 'Iliad'. 14th - 13th cents. BCE. Currently housed at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens.