Greek sculpture from 800 to 300 BCE took early inspiration from Egyptian and Near Eastern monumental art, and over centuries evolved into a uniquely Greek vision of the art form. Greek artists would reach a peak of artistic excellence which captured the human form in a way never before seen and which was much copied. Greek sculptors were particularly... [continue reading]
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Marble statue of Deidameia in the severe style, from the west pediment of the temple of Zeus, Olympia (c. 460 BCE). Olympia Archaeological Museum.
published on 18 October 2012
A lion sculpture in marble from the island of Delos in the Greek Cyclades, 7th century BCE (this is a replica as the originals are now in the museum of Delos). Orignally nine or even as many as 16 lions lined an avenue in the sanctuary complex dedicated to Apollo.
Terracotta statue of a throned divinity, probably Demeter (Goddess of harvests and earth fertility). Late 6th, early 5th century BCE, from Sicily. (Archaeological Museum, Milan)
published on 25 October 2012
The god Dionysos from the east pediment of the Parthenon (447-432 BCE). The reclining posture makes good use of the limited space of the angled pediment end. (British Museum, London).
The Discobolus Lancellotti in Parian marble. This is the most complete example from antiquity of the discobolus type statue, all of which were based on an original Greek bronze of c. 450 BCE by Myron. This example dates to the 2nd century CE. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome)
Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy
published on 04 April 2014
More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=3M4pu6YtzJU Dying Gaul, ancient Roman marble copy of a lost bronze Greek sculpture, c. 220 BCE http://www.smarthistory.org/dying-gaul.html View this work up close on the Google Art Project: http://www.googleartproject.com/collection/musei-capitolini/artwork/capitoline-gaul-unknown/392925/
A 5th century BCE marble sculpture of one of the daughters of Niobe, dying from an arrow wound in her back. According to the story from Greek mythology Niobe insulted the goddess Lato by thinking herself more worthy. Lato then had her children Apollo and Artemis strike down Niobe's children with their deadly arrows. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome)
Entablature detail from the 5th century BCE Parthenon, Athens. Above the column capitals lies the abacus which supports the entablture. This latter element consists of the architrave, frieze and cornice. Here the frieze carries triglyphs (with vertical grooves) and between them sculpted metopes.
Marble funeral stele depicting a hoplite soldier, signed by Aristokles (500 BCE), National Archaeological Museum, Athens.